Protesters hold a banner reading "Last warning" during a youth demonstration against the French government's pensions reform plan in Paris on March 9, 2023. (PHOTO / AFP)
PARIS – French President Emmanuel Macron on Wednesday said a deeply unpopular new law that raises the retirement age was necessary and would enter into force by the end of the year.
Saying he had "no regrets," he however added that he wanted to improve a fraught relationship with labor unions and involve them more in future reforms, on topics including retraining for those in painful jobs.
While the opposition has called for Macron to fire his prime minister Elisabeth Borne, who has been at the forefront of the pension reform, Macron backed her in the interview and said that he had tasked her with further widening the majority
"Do you think I enjoy doing this (pension) reform? No," Macron said in an interview with TF1 and France 2 TV. "But there are not a hundred ways to balance the accounts … this reform is necessary."
Until the government pushed the pension bill through without a vote, the protests against a bill extending the retirement age by two years to 64 had gathered huge, peaceful crowds in rallies organized by unions.
But since the government's decision to skip a vote in parliament last week, spontaneous protests in Paris and elsewhere have seen rubbish bins and barricades set ablaze every night amid scuffles with police.
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Protesters on Wednesday also blocked train stations in the southern cities of Nice and Toulouse.
This, alongside with rolling strikes that affect oil depots, public transport and garbage collection, represent the most serious challenge to the centrist president's authority since the "Yellow Vest" revolt four years ago.
Macron decries violence
Labor unions have announced another nationwide day of strikes and demonstrations on Thursday.
"We don't want this law and we'll fight until it is withdrawn," pensioner Jacques Borensztejn said at a rally on Tuesday in Paris.
Macron said what he called "extreme violence" was not acceptable, while he respected the right to peaceful protests.
"We'll make sure a life that is as normal as possible can resume in the face of the few that block things," he said.
Neither a government reshuffle nor snap elections are on the cards, but rather an attempt to regain the initiative with measures to better involve citizens and unions in decision-making, political leaders in Macron's camp have said.
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While the opposition has called for Macron to fire his prime minister Elisabeth Borne, who has been at the forefront of the pension reform, Macron backed her in the interview and said that he had tasked her with further widening the majority.
Macron's camp lost its majority in the lower house of parliament in elections last year.
"She (Borne) has my trust to lead this government team" and build a legislative program to have "fewer laws, shorter, clearer texts", and "continue to widen this majority as much as it can"
Polls show a wide majority of French are opposed to the pension legislation, as well as the government's decision to push the bill through parliament last week without a vote.
But Macron said he would stand firm.
READ MORE: Pension overhaul: Police clash with protesters in Paris
"Between the short-term polls and the general interest of the country, I choose the general interest…. we will not tolerate any misbehaviour," he said.
"We have no right to standstill or immobility," he said.